Outdoor Recreation Guide/Instructor Kaiārahi o Waho/Kaiwhakaako o Waho
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors teach or guide outdoor activities such as rafting, kayaking, canyoning, skiing, hunting, climbing, caving and mountain biking.
Registration is not compulsory for outdoor recreation guides and instructors. However, they may choose to register with the New Zealand Outdoor Instructors' Association (NZOIA) or join the New Zealand Register of Recreation Professionals (NZRRP).
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors who register their qualifications are re-evaluated by NZOIA every three years to ensure they are up to date with current standards.
- New Zealand Outdoor Instructors' Association (NZOIA) website - information on registration
- New Zealand Register of Recreation Professionals (NZRRP) website - information on registration
Adventure tourism operators need to register with WorkSafe and pass safety audit inspections to legally operate.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors may do some or all of the following:
- plan outdoor recreation activities and instruction programmes
- assess risks involved in an activity, taking into account the weather and different clients' abilities
- lead, guide and teach people taking part in activities
- organise safety procedures including checking equipment, running rescue practices, and providing first aid if necessary
- prepare recreation areas by doing things such as signposting or fencing off paths and hazards
- organise bookings, transport, food and accommodation, and drive clients to activities
- clean and store equipment after use
- keep logbooks of their trips.
Mountain or Glacier Guide
The New Zealand Mountain Guides Association provides advanced training and qualifications for climbing, ski, trekking and hard ice guides. This includes the International Federation of Mountain Guide Associations (IFMGA) qualification.
- New Zealand Mountain Guides Association website - information on climbing, skiing trekking and hard ice qualifications
Ski Field Patroller
Many employers prefer ski field patrollers to have a Certificate in Ski Patrol.
To work on bigger ski fields, such as Coronet Peak, you also need to have passed an Avalanche Safety Stage One training course and a Pre-Hospital Emergency Care course.
Whitewater Rafting Guide
Whitewater rafting guides need a National Raft Guide Award that relates to the grade of river they want to work on. For example, guides working on a Grade 2 river must have a National Raft Guide Award, Grade 2.
Riverboard guides need a National Riverboard Guide Award that relates to the grade of river they want to work on.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors need to have excellent fitness and health. They must be strong as they may have to transport equipment, walk, cycle, ski or ride long distances, or take part in a range of physical activities.
Useful experience for outdoor recreation guides and instructors includes:
- paid or voluntary leadership of outdoor recreation groups
- teaching, sales or customer service work
- work involving contact with the public
- first aid and accident emergency work
- conservation work.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors need to be:
- mature, responsible and able to stay calm in emergencies
- able to make good decisions under pressure
- patient, sympathetic and enthusiastic
- confident in their own abilities and able to inspire confidence in others
- excellent leaders with good communication skills
- good at planning and organisation, with strong problem-solving skills
- able to work as part of a team
- alert and observant.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors need to have:
- a high level of skill in their outdoor activity or activities
- knowledge of health and safety procedures relating to activities they undertake
- outdoor survival and first aid skills
- knowledge of weather conditions and geography in the area where they work.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors:
- may work long and irregular hours, including weekends and nights
- work at locations such as national parks, mountains, forests, caves, rivers, lakes and the sea
- may work in hot, cold, wet, windy or hazardous conditions
- may travel within New Zealand or overseas to areas where the outdoor activities take place.
There are no specific secondary education requirements to become an outdoor recreation guide or instructor. However, geography, physical education and English are useful.
Year 11 to 13 students can learn more about the outdoor recreation industry by taking part in a school and workplace partnership through Skills Active Aotearoa.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors may move into senior, management or training roles, or may set up their own guiding businesses. They may also teach at polytechnics or outdoor recreation centres.
Outdoor recreation guides and instructors usually specialise in an area such as:
- Bungy Jump Master
- Bungy jump masters direct, supervise and control bungy jumping activities.
- Canyoning Guide
- Canyoning guides organise and lead canyoning trips.
- Fishing Guide
- Fishing guides organise and run guided fishing trips for individuals or groups.
- Horse Trekking Guide
- Horse trekking guides organise and lead trips along beaches, parks and New Zealand's back country.
- Hunting Guide
- Hunting guides organise and run guided hunting trips for individuals or groups.
- Mountain Biking Guide
- Mountain biking guides organise and lead mountain bike tours.
- Mountain or Glacier Guide
- Mountain or glacier guides organise and run guided trips of mountains and glaciers.
- Outdoor Adventure Instructor
- Outdoor adventure instructors provide education in outdoor adventure sports and bushcraft.
- Rock Climbing Guide
- Rock climbing guides teach different styles of climbing at indoor climbing walls or on guided climbing trips outdoors.
- Ski Field Patroller
- Ski field patrollers provide a safe environment for skiers and snowboarders by ensuring conditions are safe, and educating visitors about mountain safety.
- Trekking Guide
- Trekking guides organise and run guided bushwalking and trekking trips.
- Whitewater Rafting Guide
- Whitewater rafting guides organise and run guided rafting and kayaking trips on whitewater rivers.
Years Of Training
There are no specific entry requirements to become an outdoor recreation guide or instructor. However, a diploma in outdoor recreation (Level 5 or 6) may be useful.
Outdoor recreation qualifications from Skills Active Aotearoa or the New Zealand Outdoor Instructors' Association (NZOIA) may also be useful.
- Skills Active Aotearoa website - information on outdoor recreation qualifications
- New Zealand Outdoor Instructors' Association (NZOIA) website - information on outdoor recreation instructor qualifications
You must also have a high level of skill and experience in the relevant outdoor activity.
Skills Active Aotearoa oversees outdoor recreation instructor apprenticeships.
The Vulnerable Children Act 2014 means that if you have certain serious convictions, you can’t be employed in a role where you are responsible for, or work alone with, children.